Anavelys Ortiz-Suárez


Publication Details
Article Title: Antigen-independent expansion of CD28hi CD8 cells from aged mice: cytokine requirements and signal transduction pathways.

First Author: Anavelys Ortiz-Suárez

All Authors: Ortiz-Suárez A, Miller RA

Journal Title: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences

Abstract: Memory CD8+ T cells from old mice can proliferate in nonirradiated recipients. Transfer of labeled cells from aged donors into young recipients showed that proliferation of aged donor CD8 cells requires host cells that can both respond to interferon-gamma and produce interleukin-15. Reisolation of transferred CD8 cells from host mice showed that LAT (linker for activated T cells) translocation to the immunological synapse, and translocation of NF (nuclear factor)-kappaB to the nucleus were diminished in recovered CD8 T cells from old donors, whether they had divided in vivo or not. Cells able to proliferate in vivo could be isolated based on their unusually high levels of CD28 expression, but were found not to differ from other aged CD8 cells in their low levels of LAT and protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta) translocation to the immunological synapse. Thus in vivo proliferation of CD28hi CD8 cells from aged mice cannot be attributed to retention of T-cell receptor signaling.

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Authors: Strömqvist M, Schatteman K, Leurs J, Verkerk R, Andersson JO, Johansson T, Scharpé S, Hendriks D

Abstract: The importance of carboxypeptidase U as a novel regulator of the fibrinolytic rate has attracted a lot of interest recently. In the present work, an ELISA was developed using polyclonal antibodies raised against recombinant proCPU, expressed in DON cells. The assay determines the antigen concentration of the zymogen of carboxypeptidase U, procarboxypeptidase U, in human citrated plasma or EDTA plasma. No interference is observed with plasma carboxypeptidase N. The assay is very reproducible (within-run: 4.6% CV, between-run: 6.8% CV). In a group of 479 healthy individuals the mean proCPU antigen concentration is 13.4 microg/ml (SD 2.5 microg/ml). A good correlation is found with the functional procarboxypeptidase U assay described earlier (r = 0.82, p < 0.0001) (Schatteman K, Goossens F, Scharpé S, Neels H, Hendriks D Clin Chem 1999: 45: 807-813). The significant correlation between the proCPU antigen concentration and the 50% clot lysis time stresses its importance as a player in fibrinolysis control.

Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[MIC categorization of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with myeloid surface antigen expression].

Authors: Wu WL, Liang JY, Zhu MQ, Xue YQ, Chen ZX

Abstract: To explore the characteristics of morphology, immunophenotype and cytogenetics (MIC) of myeloid surface antigen-expressing acute lymphoblastic leukemia (My+ ALL).One hundred and twenty untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients were diagnosed by standard bone marrow smear morphologic analysis and peroxidase staining. Flow cytometry and myeloid monoclonal antibodies (McAb) were used to analyze immunophenotype. Chromosome karyotypes were analyzed by R-band technique.Of 120 cases, 66 (55%) were My+ ALL, including 50 cases of My+ B-ALL (56.8% of B-ALL ), 14 cases of My T-ALL (50% of T-ALL) and 2 cases of My+ T and B-ALL (50% of T and BALL). Of 66 My+ ALL, 10 cases (15.1%) were misdiagnosed as acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL), the other 54 My- ALL cases were correctly diagnosed. The inconsistent rate between morphological and immunophenotype classifications was higher in My+ ALL than in My- ALL , and there were more atypical morphology cases in My+ ALL than in My- ALL (P < 0.01). In My+ ALL cases 95.5% expressed CD13, 81.8% CD33, 77.3% CD13 and CD33 simultaneously, and 1.5% CD117, but none CD14, CD15 and MPO. CD34 expression rate in My+ ALL cases was significantly higher than that in My- ALL (P < 0.01 ). Cytogenetic abnormalities rates in My+ ALL and My- ALL were 72.3% and 66.7% (P > 0.05) respectively. t(9;22) and t(9;22) plus other cytogenetic abnormalities were detected more frequently in My+ LL cases than in My- B-ALL (P < 0. 01), and not in My+ T-ALL and My- T-ALL cases. The complete remission (CR) rates was 83.9% in My+ ALL and 79% in My- ALL(P > 0.05).My+ ALL had a specific characteristics in morphology, immunophenotype and cytogenetics. Some cases have a myeloid morphologic appearance and might be misdiagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML). My+ ALL have a higher CD34 expression rate than My- ALL. t(9;22) abnormality was more frequently observed in My B-ALL than in My- B-ALL. There was no significant difference in CR rate between My+ ALL and My- ALL.

International journal of oncology
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Authors: Wang B, Oleschuk RD, Petkovich PM, Horton JH

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Authors: Saka T, Sofikerim M, Demirtas A, Kulaksizoglu S, Caniklioglu M, Karacagil M

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Authors: Pecher G, Schirrmann T, Kaiser L, Schenk JA

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Rheumatology international
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Authors: Zheng B, Li T, Lin Q, Huang Z, Wang M, Deng W, Liao Z, Gu J

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Experimental parasitology
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Authors: Zhou J, Yang J, Zhang G, Nishikawa Y, Fujisaki K, Xuan X

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